Orthodontics treatment is a specialized specialization of dentistry which deals exclusively with the treatment, prevention, and repair of malocclusion and misaligned bite habits, and other malformations of teeth. Orthodontics also focuses on correcting facial development, called dentofacial orthodontics. This development includes an individual's teeth, gums, jaw posture, facial muscles, and the connective tissues that comprise the face. Orthodontics also provides treatments for conditions related to the alignment of the face, like sleep apnea.
Orthodontists perform various types of orthodontic treatment procedures for different age groups. Most common procedures include braces and appliances to help straighten misaligned teeth and promote facial symmetry. This enables the patient to speak, feed himself or herself properly, laugh and smile properly.
Braces are usually used in children and young adults who require orthodontics treatment for straightening the teeth, reducing the bite and correcting jaw abnormalities. When adults use braces, it is normally done in conjunction with general dental care. A dental health professional will advise you about the best brace type to achieve the results you desire.
Specialized appliances for orthodontics treatment include braces which are custom-made to fit each patient's mouth and jaw. These orthodontic braces can be worn for a certain amount of time, after which they must be removed and replaced. The types of braces a patient is eligible for will depend on his or her age, general health, the severity of his or her orthodontic problem and the presence of any other complications such as diabetes, heart disease, oral cancer and other conditions. Braces for adults come in different forms and are specifically made to fit adult's jaw structure and teeth alignment problems. Braces can also be taken out periodically as per your dentist's instructions.
For some, orthodontics treatment may also include braces which are metal braces. In the past, metal braces were used only for patients who had severe dental abnormalities and jaw problems. Today, metal braces have also become available for younger children and adolescents. These braces are more comfortable for the child as well as for the orthodontist. They also give the orthodontist the opportunity to work on the alignment issues at an early age, without the risk of developing permanent dental problems later in life.
Orthodontics treatment plans for adults and teenagers involves orthodontics appliances that can correct jaw misalignment, dental malocclusion and other common problems. It is also possible to correct malocclusion or misalignment problems without braces by using appliances such as digital rectification devices and bite-in braces. The main objective of orthodontics treatment is to align and position the teeth and correct any tooth malocclusions. However, this is not always possible as some teeth deformities cannot be fixed with orthodontics alone. So it is necessary to use other corrective measures along with orthodontics to ensure that the patient gets positive results.